Information For Authors

 GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORS ON CITING AND REFERENCING: USING CHICAGO NOTES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY (FOOTNOTES) STYLE

Information for Authors
· Copies are given free only to lead Authors
· No payment for publication in this Journal
· Abstract, not more than 300 words with 3-5 keywords
· Empirical research 5500 words maximum
· Review research 7000 words maximum
· All papers must be typed in Times New Roman with font size 12 and double line spacing
· Tables and figures should not be more than seven (7)
· Acceptance letter will be issued to the author along with final corrections.
· Once acceptance letter is issued, no further submissions to other journals can be made
· Galley proof will be sent to authors for verification before publication
· Declaration of authorship form will be given to authors
· All articles will go through Blind peer review by two reviewers
· Plagiarism of more than 25% will not be accepted

Submission of Manuscripts
All manuscripts for publication should be submitted through the official email of the
journal/centre: ijmgs@noun.edu.ng / cemgs@noun.edu.ng


Conflict of Interest Declaration
Authors are to declare if there is conflict of interest or not

IJMGS Article Format
All articles submitted to IJMGS for peer review, must follow the following format in the write up of articles:
1. First names of authors must be listed before their surname (last name); and all author’s
2. institutional affiliation must also be listed.
3. The corresponding author must be indicated including his/her email and phone number
4. Block abstracts in italics (300 words); keywords, 3-5 words
5. Introduction
6. Objective (s)
7. Materials and Methods
8. Results
9. Discussion
10. Conclusion and Recommendation
11. Bibliography (Chicago referencing)

Chicago Referencing: Basic Structure
· In Chicago style, footnotes or endnotes are used to reference pieces of work in the text.
· To cite from a source a superscript number is placed after a quote or a paraphrase.
· Citation numbers should appear in sequential order.
· If using endnotes, numbered notes will appear on a separate, endnotes page at the end of your document and before the bibliography page. The page should be titled Notes (centered at top).
· Footnotes must appear at the bottom of the page that they are referred to.

Example
Political advisors were confident in their point-lead1.

Foot/Endnote
1. Newton Minow and Craig LaMay, Inside the Presidential Debates: Their Improbable Past and Promising Future, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), 24-25.
Footnotes/Endnotes are paired together with a bibliography at the end of the research publication.
Make sure to consult the Bibliography section of this guide for assistance making your reference area.

Chicago Referencing Style
The Chicago referencing style is comprised of three elements: a cited reference in the text, a corresponding footnote at the bottom of the page and a bibliographic list of references at the end of your piece of work.

Care should be taken to follow the conventions of word order and punctuation for the Chicago style. For example, capitals, round brackets, italics and inverted commas should be used appropriately and consistently.
Note that authors’ names are usually cited as they appear on the title page of the article.

Citing references in your text – also known as “In text citations”
When using the Chicago footnotes style, information resources are referred to in the text of your work by superscripted numerals, in the order in which they are first cited. For example;
Journal article (print)
Author, Title of article (in inverted commas), Journal title (in italics), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication, Specific page number(s) (in the footnote) or page range of whole article (in the bibliography).

In-text referencing
Example:
Book:
-Migration is a phenomenon that is constantly and radically evolving. It continues each day to assume unprecedented meanings and expressions.1
Website:
-The worry is the subordinate role assigned to religion in matters of migration. Thus, Beckford contends: “it would be an exaggeration to claim that religion was invariably an important aspect of migration.”6
Journal:
-Leadership failure or leadership success2
-……. however, went spiral and literarily explosive in the years that followed until recently
when it would seem that having the opportunity or means to emigrate was not just celebrated as an achievement but viewed as a long-desired object of liberation22
-Similarly, Kari, Malasowe and Collins3
* Forman et al.5 declared that the war in Ukraine is becoming overwhelming

Footnote/Endnote:
Book:
It is a global phenomenon that affects in either way the demographic, social, political, economic,
socio-cultural, religious, moral, and spiritual landscapes of the world and human activities.2
Website:
6James A. Beckford,. “Religions and Migrations – Old and New.” Quaderni di Sociologia 80: (2019):15-32, accessed October 26, 2021, doi:https://doi.org/10.4000/qds.2599
Journal:
2Samson Adesote, “Internal Conflicts and Forced Migration in Nigeria: A Historical Perspective.” Journal of Identity and Migration Studies 11, no. 1 (2017): 1-26.
4Umar Kari, Godwin Malasowe and Ogbu Collins, “A study of Illegal Migration in Nigeria and the pull and push factors, 2011-2017 World Journal of Innovative Research 6, no. 5 (2018): 53-60
5Olubunmi Akintola and Olagoke Akintola, “West Africans in the Informal Economy of South Africa: The Case of Low Skilled Nigerian Migrants.” The Review of Black Political Economy, vol. 42, no. 4 (2015): 379-398

Bibliography
Book:
-Phan, Peter C. “Christianity as an Institutional Migrant: Historical, Theological, and Ethical Perspectives.” In Christianities in Migration. The Global Perspective, edited byElaine Padilla and Peter C. Phan, 9-36. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillian 2016.
Journal:
-Adesote, Samson. “Internal Conflicts and Forced Migration in Nigeria: A Historical Perspective.” Journal of Identity and Migration Studies 11, no. 1, 2017.
-Akintola, Olubunmi and Akintola, Olagoke. “West Africans in the Informal Economy of South Africa: The Case of Low Skilled Migrants”. The Review of Black Political Economy Vol. 42no1, 2015.
-Kari, Umar, Malasowe, Godwin and Collins, Ogbu. “A Study of Illegal Migration Trends and the Pull and Push Factors in Nigeria 2011- 2017.” World Journal of Innovative Research 6, no. 5, 2018.
* When citing a work by more than three authors, only the surname of the first listed author is used, followed by et al. for example: Forman et al. 2021 62-63

Copyright Notice:
The Articles published in this Journal are published under license and is subject to copyright, reserved by the Centre of Excellence in Migration and Global Studies, National Open University of Nigeria. All works (including texts, images, graphs, tables, diagrams, photographs and statistical data) may be used for non-commercial purpose, citing appropriately the original work.


Copyright Notice:

The Articles published in this Journal are published under license and is subject to copyright, reserved by the Centre of Excellence in Migration and Global Studies, National Open University of Nigeria. All works (including texts, images, graphs, tables, diagrams, photographs and statistical data) may be used for non-commercial purpose, citing appropriately the original work.