States Non-Governmental Relation and Migrant Fatalities on The Mediterranean

Nathaniel D. Danjibo and Omobolanle Sabiu

Nathaniel D. Danjibo and Omobolanle Sabiu

Keywords: Migrants; Relation; IDP; Conflict; Africa; Refugees


Global forced displacement has seen accelerated growth over the years and since 2013, it has reached unprecedented levels. By the end of 2014, 59.5 million individuals were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, generalized violence and human rights violations. This is 8.3 million persons more than 2013 and the highest annual increase in a single year (UNHCR Report, 2015). This number increased as the years progressed with 65.6 million people recorded as being displaced at the end of 2016. The growth of refugees and internally displaced persons was concentrated between 2013 and 2015, driven mainly by the Syrian conflict along with other conflicts in Africa and the Middle East. This situation is relatively the same in countries like Nigeria, D.R. Congo, Libya, South Sudan, Central African Republic, Somalia, Eritrea, Yemen and recently Northern Cameroun, Ethiopia with the Tigray crisis (The Guardian, 2015).

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