Youth Education and Migration in The Pandemic Era

Grace Chibiko Offorma

Grace Chibiko Offorma

Youth, Education, Migration, Push and Pull factors



Education is a life-long process of transforming an individual to become a functional member of the society. It is a veritable legacy by any government to ensure that the citizens receive adequate training that will promote development of the society. Youths are the leaders of tomorrow; they must be given adequate education and provided with the necessary ingredients that would promote their existence. Youth is a developmental period between 15-35 years. In Nigeria, a youth is a young person within the age of 18-35 years of age. Most youths are in institutions of higher learning where they are empowered for survival. Migration is a normal human activity, involving movement away from the place of origin to a new environment. This movement maybe due to the ‘push and pull’ factors. These are the reasons why youths exit their origin to a destination or host environment. There are five types of migration: labour migration, forced migration or displacement, human trafficking or modern slavery, environmental migration and sponsored temporary migration. Today, the entire world is experiencing a lot of challenges, including the devastating COVID-19 pandemic. In the face of all the challenges, youths are not daunted, in their characteristics, they still find ways and means of surviving, either formally or informally, by migrating to greener pastures. Illegal migration should be discouraged as it exposes the youth to great risks. The youth should be provided with quality, equitable, inclusive education for life-long living to embark on safe, beneficial and sustainable endeavours.

Copyright Notice:

The Articles published in this Journal are published under license and is subject to copyright, reserved by the Centre of Excellence in Migration and Global Studies, National Open University of Nigeria. All works (including texts, images, graphs, tables, diagrams, photographs and statistical data) may be used for non-commercial purpose, citing appropriately the original work.